Type B‐ Collaborative Research Programmes in Antarctic, Subantarctic and Southern Ocean Research.
Deadline 13 May 2014
The New Zealand Antarctic Research Institute (NZARI) is seeking tenders for collaborative research programmes on the "Vulnerability of the Ross Ice Shelf in a Warming Globe." Programmes must include at least three New Zealand research organizations in addition to any international collaborators. Funds requested are up to $290,000 (excl. GST) per year for up to three years. Only one collaborative research programme will be funded.
Some of the world's leading scientists have spent the last three days in Queenstown to agree on the most important questions facing the continent in the next 20 years.
"As we always say, what happens in Antarctica actually has global implications" explained Professor Chuck Kennicutt, a US Oceanographer and Chair of the Horizon Scan International Steering Committee.
"We want to identify the very top, most impactful, most exciting Antarctic science questions that will be relevant 20 years from today,"
55 scientists from 24 countries, including the Director of NZARI Professor Gary Wilson, narrowed down more than 800 questions to just 80.
Professor Kennicutt says they are debating "questions like ice sheet mass balance, how's that going to affect global sea level rise; shifts in ecosystems both in Antarctica and globally; changes in the heat balance; changes in weather patterns".
Scientists say sea level rise caused by Antarctic ice melt and increased acidity in the Southern Ocean are likely to be major issues for New Zealand.
Lisa Owen and the panel discuss the main topics hitting the news this week including election year, Pacific nations, climate change and the importance of Antarctica to New Zealand and the rest of the world.
The climate change and Antarctic discussion starts at 3:20.
Lisa Owen interviews two top Antarctic scientists on TV3's The Nation before they head to Queenstown to take part in the inaugural Antarctic and Southern Ocean Horizon Scan 'A View Beyond the Horizon: Future Directions in Antarctic Science' led by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).
Professor Chuck Kennicutt, Chair of the SCAR Horizon Scan International Steering Committee, explained Antarctica is essentially an engine room that drives global systems. "So in areas like Antarctica that change, they affect the entire global system and this is seen through melting of ice, warming of sea water, changing of weather and also the ozone hole which has led to effects that we see around the globe" says Professor Kennicutt.
Professor Gary Wilson, Director of NZARI (the New Zealand Antarctic Research Institute), said that the last time the world had CO2levels as high as today, the West Antarctic Ice Shelf collapsed; a volume of ice that today could cause a 20m rise in sea level. "So we know the end game, we just don't know how fast it might happen".
If global temperature increases continue along the same path as now it is predicted that we will see more icemelt and the impact on Antarctica will be 'much worse'. That impacts the New Zealand economy, which is dependent on ocean and climate conditions driven by Antarctica says Professor Wilson.
The world of Antarctic science will be focused on New Zealand this Easter when Queenstown hosts 80 leading Antarctic scientists, policy makers, environmental leaders and visionaries – including ten prominent New Zealanders.
The inaugural Antarctic and Southern Ocean Horizon Scan 'A View Beyond the Horizon: Future Directions in Antarctic Science' will attempt to identify the most important research questions facing the continent in the next twenty years.
The invited participants include 25 members of the event's International Steering Committee and 30 experts selected from 800 world-wide nominations of 500 individuals. The event is led by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).
The aim of the Horizon Scan is to identify the top 100 most important scientific questions that will or should be addressed by research in the southern polar regions over the next two decades.
"Antarctica is the keystone and most vulnerable part of global ocean and climate systems," said Mahlon (Chuck) C. Kennicutt II, Chair of the Horizon Scan International Steering Committee and past president of SCAR.
"It is incredibly important, therefore, that some of the world's best Antarctic scientists and leaders collaborate to identify the most important scientific questions that we should focus on in the next 20 years," he said.
What will these dramatic changes to Planet Earth mean for the world's last great wilderness and a bellwether of global change – Antarctica and the Southern Ocean? To speculate about this future world and the ramifications for human societies, the "1st Martha T. Muse Colloquium" will convene a panel of the Martha Muse Prize awardees and guests to address the topic "Beyond the Horizon – Antarctica and the Southern Ocean 2065" in Queenstown, New Zealand on Tuesday, April 22, 2014. The Colloquium is part of the 1st SCAR Antarctic and Southern Ocean Horizon Scan that is assembling around 80 of the world's leading Antarctic scientists, policymakers, and logistics science funders to develop a collective community view of the most timely, urgent and compelling scientific questions that need to be addressed in the next two decades.
The Colloquium panel will include Martha T. Muse Prize Fellows Steven Chown (terrestrial ecologist and policy adviser), Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Helen Fricker (glaciologist and satellite observational specialist), University of California, San Diego, USA; José Xavier (marine biologist ecologist and marine mammals expert), University of Coimbra and the British Antarctic Survey, Portugal/UK; Steve Rintoul (physical oceanographic modeller and observationalist), CSIRO, Australia; and Martin Siegert (glaciologist and geologist), University of Bristol University, UK.
Last year, the Government identified the "deep south" as one of its funded National Science Challenges. As 60 per cent of New Zealanders live and work within 5km of the coast, the need to better understand the rate of climate change was urgent.
"We need to go to the places that are most sensitive, so we can pick up that change early," NZARI director Professor Gary Wilson said. "The last thing we want is to be sitting in the least sensitive parts of the country and watching for change there, and just not being prepared - we want early warning."
Sir Peter Blake Trust began talking to Professor Gary Wilson, a Blake Leader and director of NZARI, and the subantarctic emerged as an area of growing interest. What became an expedition to the Auckland Islands to investigate setting up a new research base will prove to be the trip of a lifetime for the 12 secondary school-aged leaders attending. The young ambassadors will work alongside scientists, conducting a survey on the island and in its fiords to ensure the station will have little impact on the environment.
Joining the expedition will be scientists and representatives from the University of Otago, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), the Department of Conservation, the Ministry of Education, NZARI, Auckland University of Technology and the Sir Peter Blake Trust. Their mission: to lay the groundwork for one of the world's most important research bases on one of its most remote islands.
Dr Nicole Stahlmann has joined NZARI as its newly appointed Research Advisor. A recent transplant from New York City, Nicole has extensive experience in research administration and grant management at several leading U.S. funding providers, including the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) and the Social Science Research Council (SSRC).
Nicole is responsible for coordinating NZARI's funding rounds and will also help run Antarctic science workshops as well as play a key role with NZARI fundraising. Based in the new NZARI space at Antarctica New Zealand's Christchurch office she will also provide an important link between NZARI and Antarctica New Zealand in implementing NZARI science projects and programmes.